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History of the Court

Operating continuously from its establishment in 1684,  as the Provincial Court, the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania has evolved from five judges riding circuit in the William Penn's province to seven justices administering the entirety of Pennsylvania's judicial branch. Learn more about the evolution of the oldest appellate court in the country.


The Supreme Court sits to hear oral arguments in its courtrooms in Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, and Harrisburg. Learn more about these historic courtrooms, as well as courtrooms used by the Court in the past.


History Center

The Historical Commission has created a center in the Pennsylvania Judicial Center to display and preserve physical objects related to the Court's history. Learn more about the objects on display.

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